Here is another project called "Solar Navigator", which is actually to design a basic sun tracking system, very much in line with the thinking of our very early experiments. When 





The main objective of this senior project is to design and build an automatic control system for an existed solar panel. In order to accomplish this project, there are two main points to be cleared. First, the understanding of the original setup and control system. Originally, the solar panel is controlled by a control system which is used transistors, LabView A/D card and programmed in Visual Basic, and a PC is needed to connect to the system for performance.

Second, the new feedback control system had to be designed in order to direct movements of the solar panel. For the new design, microcontrollers are used, with the microcontrollers, the new system is more efficient and compact. They are the PID controllers from Microchip. There are many different types of controllers that the project could have used, for testing, but because of budget restriction, the PIC16c73 controllers are used as a final decision.

In order to use the microcontrollers correctly, there background of the microcontrollers had to be assimilated. For example, the instructions to program the chip, they are in the language of assembly and MPLab, which is a Windows based Integrated Development Environment for the Microchip PIC16/17 Microcontroller families.

Polytechnic University

Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Manufacturing Engineering. 
Brooklyn Campus, 

Six MetroTech Center, 


NY 11201, USA


Tel: 1-718-260-3160 / Fax: 1-718-260-3532

Long Island Campus, Route 110, Farmingdale, NY 11735, USA


Tel: 1-516-755-4282 / Fax: 1-516-755-4526

Westchester Graduate Center 36 Saw Mill River Road Hawthorne, NY 10532, USA


Tel: 1-914-323-2000 / Fax: 1-914-323-2010

Mechanical, aerospace, and manufacturing engineers design and build the modern products and processes that the society needs. The wide range of dynamic and continually evolving areas where such engineers are the prime movers include bioengineering, energy systems, aircraft, aerospace, environmental engineering, controls for mechanical systems, mechanical-electrical devices, automobiles, materials engineering, automated manufacturing, structural engineering, robotic systems, fluidic systems and devices, production planning and control, combustion processes and systems, and others too numerous to list. The diversity and multi-dimensionality of this modern engineering profession that designs and manufactures complex modern products requires a sophisticated educational background that spans fundamental understanding of the underlying science, the design methodology, manufacturing processes, methods and techniques, and economic and industrial implications. The department offers a comprehensive array of programs and courses that address each facet of this exciting profession.






Undergraduate Laboratories

Research Laboratories




Said Nourbakhsh, Department Head
B.S., Arya-Mehr University of Technology , Iran ;
Ph.D., Leeds University , England .
Phase transformation, electron microscopy, mechanical behavior, composite materials, smart materials and ferroelectric thin films.

Full-Time Faculty

Charles Bartlett,

Industry Professor & Director of


Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering Programs

B.S., Yale;
M.S. and Ph.D. MIT.
Electronic systems design and manufacture, product design, design for manufacturing, production science, production planning and control, and manufacturing systems engineering.


James Bentson, Industry Professor
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .
Computational methods, electrophysics, simulation, vehicle dynamics.

Charles Hoover, Distinguished Industry Professor
B.E. Mechanical Engineering, Yale;
B.S. Electronics Engineering, M.I.T.;
M.S. & Ph.D. Physics, Yale.
Physical design, manufacturing processes, electronic device assembly.

Craig C. Jahnke, Visiting Assistant Professor
B.S. Mechanical Engineering, Milwankee School of Engineering;
M.S., Ph.D. Aeronautics, Caltech.
Nonlinear dynamics, rotating fluid flows, buoyancy induced fluid flow, aircraft dynamics.

Iraj Kalkhoran, Associate Professor
B.S., M.S.,Ph.D., Aerospace Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington .
Gas dynamics, high speed flows, wind tunnel testing, shock tubes.

Vikram Kapila, Professor
B.Tech., Regional Engineering College, Calicut, India;
M.S., Florida Institute of Technology;
Ph.D., Georgia Institute of Technology.
Stability Theory, Control System Design, System Dynamics, and Vibration

Jerome Klosner,Professor (Retired)
B.C.E., The City College of New York ;
M.S.C.E., Applied Mechanics, Columbia University ;
Ph.D. Applied Mechanics, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .
Structural dynamics, fluid-structure interaction, thermal stress analysis.

Sunil Kumar, Associate Professor
B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India;
M.A. Applied Mathematics, State University of New York, Buffalo;
M.S. Mechanical Engineering, State University of New York, Buffalo;
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley.
Thermal fluid sciences, radiation, applied mathematics.

Sang-Hoon Lee, Industry Assistant Professor
B.S., SungKyunKwan University, Seoul, Korea;
M.S., Polytechnic Institute of New York University;
Ph.D., Polytechnic Institute of New York University.
Mechatronics, Control System Design, SMART System, and Robotics.

Nathan Levine, Industry Professor
B.S., Massachusetts Institute of Technology;
M.S., Ph.D. University of Illinois .
Quality Control and improvement, quality engineering using robust design.

William R. McShane, Vice President and Dean of Engineering
B.S.E.E, Manhattan College ;
M.S., Ph.D., Systems Engineering, Polytechnic University
Quality control, controls and simulation, engineering economics.

Volkan Otugen,Associate Professor
B.S., Istanbul Technical University;
M.S., Drexel University;
Ph.D., Drexel University.
Experimental fluid mechanics and heat transfer, laser-based measurement techniques, instrumentation, non-Newtonian fluids.

Marcio S. De Queiroz, Visiting Assistant Professor
B.S. Electrical Engineering, Federal University of Rio de Janeriro, Brazil;
M.S. Mechanical Engineering, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;
Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson.
Nonlinear control of electromechanical systems, control of distributed parameter systems.

Raresh Pascali, Instructor
B.S., M.S., Polytechnic University .
CAD, computational mechanics, computational methods

Richard S. Thorsen, Vice President, Institutional Development
B.M.E., City College of New York;
M.M.E, Ph.D., New York University;
Heat transfer, nuclear reactor safety and solar energy.

Anthony Tzes, Associate Professor
B.S. (E.E), University of Patras, Greece;
M.S. (E.E), Ohio State University;
Ph.D. Control & Robotics, Ohio State University.
Control: adaptive, microprocessor based, adaptive fuzzy; Robotics; Neural networks; Fuzzy logic; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Instrumentation; Signal Processing.

William Vafakos, Professor (Retired)
B.M.E., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn ;
M.M.E., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn;
Ph.D., Applied Mechanics, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn;
J.D., Brooklyn Law School .
Solid mechanics, structures, vibrations.

George Vradis, Associate Professor
B.S. Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece;
M.S. Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University;
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University.
Computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer, non-Newtonian flows, flow measurement, combustion, energy systems

Sung H.Whang, Professor
B.S. , Seoul National University, Korea;
M.S. , Columbia University;
D.Eng.Sc., Columbia University.
Titanium alloys and ordered intermetallic materials; alloy stability; dislocation structures; rapid solidification processing; processing for metallic and ceramic super conducting materials.

Part-Time Faculty

Joseph Borowiec
B.S., M.S. Ph.D., Polytechnic University
Active vibration control, finite elements.

Michael Greenstein
B.E., (Mechanical), The City College of New York
MBA, Business Administration, University of Louisville
PE , Commonwealth of Kentucky
ASQ, Certified Quality Manager
Design for Manufacturability, Activity Based Costing, Target Costing, Quality Systems, Design for the Environment

Khaled Hammad
B.S., University of Jordan;
M.S., Manhattan College;
Mechanics Engineer, Columbia University;
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University.
Laser-based flow diagnostics. Non-Newtonian fluids. Computational fluid dynamics. Radiative heat transfer. Rheology. Pollution emission control from stationary combustion sources.

Paul Kadar
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University ;
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University ;
CAD/CAM/CAE, Product Design and Development.

Ke Le
B.S.,(E.E), Huazhong University of Science and Technology (China);
M.S.,(Systems Engineering), Huazhong University of Science and Technology (China);
M.S.,Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering - Systems and Controls, Polytechnic University
Optimization and Operations Research; Nonlinear Dynamics; Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic, Genetic Algorithm, Expert System; System Identification; Adaptive and Robust Control

Roula Maloof
B.S., Civil Engineering, Saint Joseph University , Lebanon ;
M.S., Ph.D, Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University .
Stress Analysis, energy method, finite element, structural analysis.

Mehdi Naraghi
B.S., University of Akron ;
M.S., Case Western Reserve University ;
Ph.D., Polytechnic University .
Fluid/Thermal, Laboratory Development, HVAC, and Experimental Methods.

Arthur Szeglin
Ph.D., Hofstra

Ali Vedavarz
Ph.D., Polytechnic University
Heating, ventilating, air conditioning, thermodynamics, conduction

Post-Doctoral Researchers

Janice Aber, Postdoctoral Research
B.A., Physics, Hunter College , C.U.N.Y;
M.S., PhD, Chemical Physics, Polytechnic Unversity

Zhixiong Guo, Research Associate
B.S.,M.S. Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University , China

PhD, Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnic University

Zhao-Jun Zeng, Postdoctoral Research
B.S. , Physics, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China;
M.S. , Electronic Materials, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China;
Ph.D., Electronic Materials, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China

Qin Zou, Postdoctoral Research
B.S. , Huazhong University of Science & Technology, China;
M.S. , Huazhong University of Science & Technology, China;;
Ph.D., Xi'an Jiaotong University, China.


Philip Abrami
B.M.E, M.S. ,
Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn;

Vito D. Agosta

Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn;
University of Michigan;
Columbia University.

Carmine D'Antonio

B.Met.E., M.Met.E.,
Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .

Anthony Armenakas
B.S. Civil Engineering
, Georgia Institute of Technology;
M.S. Civil Engineering
, Illinois Institute of Technology;
Ph.D. Applied Mechanics
, Columbia University.

William B. Blesser

B.M.E., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute;
, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .

Martin H. Bloom

B.M.E., M.S., Ph.D., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .

Irving B. Cadoff
B.M.E.,  C.C.N.Y
M.M.E, D.Eng.Sc
, New York University .

Louis S. Castleman
S.B, Sc.D.,
Massachuetts Institute of Technology.

Robert Corry

A.B., Columbia College ;
B.S., M.S., Ph.D.
, Columbia University .

John R. Curreri

B.M.E., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn;
, Adelphi University .

Geroge J. Fischer

B.Met.E., M.Met.E.,
Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .

Joseph Kempner

B.Ae.E., M.E.E., Ph.D., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .

Morris Morduchow
B.A., Brooklyn College ;
B.A.E., M.Ae.E., D.Ae.E.
, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .

Gino Moretti

Ph.D., University of Turin , Italy .

Wheeler K. Mueller
, Jr.
B.S., Iowa State College;
M.S., Ph.D., University of Illinois .

Sebastian V. Nardo

B.M.E., M.Ae.E., Ph.D., Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .

Huo-Hsi Pan

B.S., National Southwest Associated University, China;
, Texas A&M;
, Kansas State University;
, University of California, Berkeley.

Sharad A. Patel

B.Sc., Benares Hindu University ;
M.Ae.E., Ph.D.
, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn .

Bernard W. Shaffer

, Case Institute of Technology;
, Brown University .






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