BLUEPLANET ECOSTAR  Blue bird trademark

Solar charged battery electric WORLD  Land Speed Record CAR project costs from 2012




This was the costing for an application that was never filed, simply because the project had no development partners and we were only notified of the opportunity a month before the deadline. 


We have published the gist of the application to show the value returns for potential investors - and equally importantly, to help academics considering their own projects what might be achieved on a low budget.


For 2014, we now have Formula E as the vehicle to drive electric car development. To this end, a development of the LSR battery cartridge energy transfer system, is suitable for incorporation in circuit road racers - offering pit stop refueling in 10-15 seconds. Free developer licenses are available for competitors. The system works equally well with batteries and fuel cells.





Number: 29/G/ENT/CIP/12/C/N05S00  -  Promotion of electric vehicle technologies




Construction from scratch of an electric car designed for competition.





Steels    .     1,500
Alloys .    1,000
Composites .     1,500
Paints .       500
Wheels/tires 2 sets    4,800
Braking & chutes .     1,200
Glass .       300
Suspension .     2,000
Safety equipment .    1,000
Transmission .   20,000
Motors .    48,000
Electronics .    12,000
Battery cartridges x 3  120,000
Battery loading mechanism .    6,000
Solar charging arrays .    55,000
Welding and other tool hire .      3,000
Fastenings .      1,500
Display trailer .      8,000
Labour: design 2 months    16,000
Labour: build 4 months   16,000
Labour: electronics design .     3,000
Labour: web build .     2,000
Premises rent 6 months    7,200
Office equipment .     1,000
Intellectual property: patents .    5,000
Intellectual property: trademarks .     5,000
Public relations .     4,000
Sub Total £ 346,500
Contingency @ 20% £  69,300
. Grand Total £ 415,200






(1) Scheduled start-up date for the action: 15th July 2012

(2) The duration of the construction is 4 months.



Blueplanet Ecostar battery electric land speed record racing car



Project: Blueplanet Ecostar


An electric land speed record car that refuels itself by changing battery packs between each run - charged by solar power.



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Formula E electricity recharge logo









The historic first car ever to be fitted with the patent "self-load" cartridge exchange energy transfer system, now under development for the FIA Formula E racing series.







An EV with RBI capability incurs different capitalization and operating costs to an EV with a permanent battery installation. Analysis is based upon combinations of four vehicle mission scenarios, three vehicle types, and four usage patterns.

Lead-acid battery technology is assumed in all cases as a base line for slow and fast charge batteries, and for RBI battery modules.

The analysis attempts to reduce to an equivalent annual cost for the vehicle(s), support equipment, electric power costs, replacement batteries, and periodic service. All vehicles and support equipment are assigned a useful life or fifteen years, with zero salvage value. 


It is assumed that each complete slow-charge cycle to an 80% depth of charge consumes 0.2% of the life of the battery. A fast charge cycle to a 40% charge depth consumes 1.0% of the battery life. 


Batteries charged by RBI exchange equipment are slow-charged. Power costs are incurred at either off-peak rates of $0.06 per kWh, or $0.12 per kWh for peak power (Schedule E-19 metered time-of-use service). Fast charging is assumed to always occur during peak hours, while slow charging
and RBI module charging is assumed to occur at night, using off-peak power. Fast chargers are assumed to have the capability of also slow-charging a battery.

Vehicular battery interchange methods have been used for over 100 years to overcome the range and charging time limitations of EVs. Successful implementation is typically dependent upon significant infrastructure. In situations in which necessary infrastructure is available and range demands are high, rapid battery interchange appears to be an economical alternative to high-rate in-vehicle battery charging.

Survey results suggest that the majority of vehicle, equipment and battery manufacturers view the concept favorably but with skepticism. Near-term feasibility is greatest for applications in which external (not owned by the vehicle operator) infrastructure components are not required. Only fleet applications, with vehicles serviced from a central location meet this criteria. Among fleet applications, transit buses have been and will continue to be the favored deployment, since they operate on a fixed route with well-defined energy requirements and periodic visits to a common location.



Universal Energy Cartridge for a clean sustainable future



A universal energy cartridge for sustainable future transport





Safety issues related to electric vehicles are significant, but battery interchange capability does not appear to add significantly to the risk of operation compared with conventional EVs.

Accidental release of the battery module in the event of a collision. If the battery can be exchanged quickly, it is likely to be less securely mounted than a permanent battery installation. Accidental release of a battery module weighing 400 to 500 kg could increase the level of damage and hazard in a collision, especially to the other vehicle.

Battery protection from the elements, and integrity in the event of collision or rollover is also a greater concern with an RBI vehicle, since the battery would probably be more exposed than in a fixed battery installation.

Ventilation of released gases would probably be a reduced concern with RBI, but accumulation of road
debris, mud, water and snow pose an additional problem, especially in the area of the electrical contacts. Rain or slush laden with road salt is an effective conductor, capable of shorting and/or degrading battery and instrumentation contacts.

Electrical connectors that must engage automatically and quickly in an RBI vehicle are likely to be more susceptible to poor contact or accidental short due to misalignment or mishandling. The contactor system must be completely “idiot-proof,” capable of withstanding backward insertion of the battery module, poor vehicle alignment, and possibly excessive vehicle speed upon docking with the battery exchange equipment.




Where fast charging is used, not only is the battery degraded more quickly, but the electricity consumed is charged at a higher rate. On this basis and as EVs become popular once again, RBI is a must. Not only that, RBI allows an operator to upgrade battery or fuel cell technology without modification to his vehicles.



Extracted from a study by: C. Arthur MacCarley

California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California, USA



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